Part of the reason for the decline is that detectives have had more and more obstacles put in their way. Defendants within the last 10 years have sued saying that they were coerced in to confessing so interviews were required to be video-taped.
"Witnesses" to murders or aggravated batteries, who were in reality the possible offenders, were required to be charged within 48 hours of detention. The dicks used to be able to detain someone for 72 hours. The "72 hour" clock would start when the person was arrested. Now the clock starts when they're placed in the squad car and they have to be charged within 48 hours of being detained. Detectives lost valuable interrogation time when the courts stripped that away.
...Here's a slice from the AP article:
|CHICAGO (AP) - Despite the rise of DNA fingerprinting and other "CSI"-style crime-fighting wizardry, more and more people in this country are getting away with murder. FBI figures reviewed by The Associated Press show that the homicide clearance rate, as detectives call it, dropped from 91 percent in 1963 - the first year records were kept in the manner they are now - to 61 percent in 2007.Law enforcement officials say the chief reason is a rise in drug- and gang-related killings, which are often impersonal and anonymous, and thus harder to solve than slayings among family members or friends. As a result, police departments are carrying an ever-growing number of "cold-case" murders on their books.The clearance rate is the number of homicides solved in a year, compared with the number of killings committed that year. The solved killings can include homicides committed in previous years.The number of criminal homicides committed in the U.S. climbed from 4,566 in 1963 to 14,811 in 2007, according to the FBI. The clearance rate has been dropping pretty steadily over the past four decades, slipping under 80 percent in the early 1970s and below 70 percent in the late 1980s. In cities with populations over 1 million, the 2007 clearance rate was 59 percent, down from 89 percent in 1963.Detectives say homicides generally become harder to solve as time goes by, as witnesses die and memories fade. Yet cold-case detectives say their units are often understaffed. And local police are getting less help for cold cases from Washington. Funding for the main federal program for such cases was cut 40 percent from 2005 to 2007..|
And while we're on the subject, it turns out that blacks and hispanics account for the majority of criminals in New York city. Gee - whodathunk it?
I guess that nearly obliterates the cultural diversity argument because if such a great disparity exists in offenders, as we see them delineate along racial lines, then there is no "diversity" when it comes to crime: It exists clearly only on ONE side.
The Bureau of Justice stats support this. Based on current rates of first incarceration, an estimated 32% of black males will enter State or Federal prison during their lifetime, compared to 17% of Hispanic males and 5.9% of white males.
From the Daily News:
|Black New Yorkers are 13 times more likely to be murdered - or arrested for murder - than whites, an NYPD crime analysis shows.Blacks and Hispanics dominated tallies of both suspects and victims, according to an NYPD racial breakdown of crimes requested by the Daily News.The News asked for the stats after civil rights groups slammed the NYPD because 90% of people shot at by cops in 2007 - the last year for which data was available - were black or Hispanic. Police brass said that was because minorities accounted for the majority of crime suspects and victims.Of the 244 murders between Jan. 1 and June 30 this year, 64.8% of the victims were black, records showed. Hispanics accounted for 23.4% of the victims, whites 7.4% and Asians 4.5%.Using NYPD stats, the homicide rate per 1 million in population was 81.1 for blacks and 6.3 for whites.Among murder arrests, blacks accounted for 64.9%, Hispanics 27.2%, whites 7.3% and Asians less than 1%.The racial tallies bear little resemblance to the ethnic makeup of New York City: 34.8% white, 27.6% Hispanic and 23.7% black, 2006 Census data shows. .|
And what about all the criminals who do crime and after crime? What are the recidivism rates for offenders? Here's a nice recap, again, from the the Bureau of Justice:
|# Of the 272,111 persons released from prisons in 15 States in 1994, an estimated 67.5% were rearrested for a felony or serious misdemeanor within 3 years, 46.9% were reconvicted, and 25.4% resentenced to prison for a new crime.# The 272,111 offenders discharged in 1994 accounted for nearly 4,877,000 arrest charges over their recorded careers.# Within 3 years of release, 2.5% of released rapists were rearrested for another rape, and 1.2% of those who had served time for homicide were arrested for a new homicide.# Sex offenders were less likely than non-sex offenders to be rearrested for any offense –– 43 percent of sex offenders versus 68 percent of non-sex offenders.# Sex offenders were about four times more likely than non-sex offenders to be arrested for another sex crime after their discharge from prison –– 5.3 percent of sex offenders versus 1.3 percent of non-sex offenders. .|
And from recent events, it looks as if Michelle and Barack Obama are no different. Let's hope that by the end of January 2009, the inauguration is replaced by a resignation.
Have a great day.